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Miss Scarlett® Illicium

Illicium floridanum 'JCJC'

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Miss Scarlett® Illicium (Illicium floridanum 'JCJC') at Randy's Perennials

Miss Scarlett® Illicium flowers

Miss Scarlett® Illicium flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Miss Scarlett® Illicium (Illicium floridanum 'JCJC') at Randy's Perennials

Miss Scarlett® Illicium in bloom

Miss Scarlett® Illicium in bloom

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  6 feet

Spread:  4 feet

Sunlight:  partial shade  full shade 

Hardiness Zone:  7a

Other Names:  Florida Anise Tree

Brand:  Southern Living


Glossy evergreen foliage smells like anise when crushed; produces star-shaped seeds similar to the culinary anise, but toxic; Brilliant crimson blooms in spring, on this dense growing shrub

Ornamental Features

Miss Scarlett® Illicium features solitary nodding crimson frilly flowers with buttery yellow eyes rising above the foliage in mid spring. It has green foliage which emerges chartreuse in spring. The glossy narrow leaves remain green throughout the winter. It produces brown capsules in mid summer.

Landscape Attributes

Miss Scarlett® Illicium is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting birds to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Miss Scarlett® Illicium is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • Hedges/Screening
  • General Garden Use
  • Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens
  • Container Planting

Planting & Growing

Miss Scarlett® Illicium will grow to be about 6 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 4 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 20 years.

This shrub does best in partial shade to shade. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is particular about its soil conditions, with a strong preference for rich, acidic soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone over the growing season to conserve soil moisture. This is a selection of a native North American species, and parts of it are known to be toxic to humans and animals, so care should be exercised in planting it around children and pets.

Miss Scarlett® Illicium makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. With its upright habit of growth, it is best suited for use as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. Note that when grown in a container, it may not perform exactly as indicated on the tag - this is to be expected. Also note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight Soil pH Preference
Massing  Screening  Garden  Naturalizing  Container 
Flowers  Fruit  Plant Form  Winter Value  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features